“Computing, Machinery and Intelligence” Alan Turing, 1950 + “Man-Computer Symbiosis” J.C.R. Licklider, 1960

[Week 3] In his 1950 article “Computing, Machinery and Intelligence” Alan Turing define a testing mechanism where we can compare effectively humans to machine. The basic idea it to place in a room a human an a machine, and comparing the output of a given input. For instance, a simple math turing test can compare the results of an math equation resolved by a machine and a human. If we can’t discern the computer from the human, the test is positive. As the tests become more evolved, Turing suggest sets of measures that prevent the user to easily identify the computer based on basic machine characteristics (response time, output channel, etc). In my opinion, the turing test is a very good theoretical concept, but when come times to achieve Turing test these special testing measures can quickly become complicated and transform a simple verification into a very complicated exercise.

In”Man-Computer Symbiosis” written in 1960,  J.C.R. Licklider explain the idea of improving the communication between human and computers, so they can be both more effective. He’s suggesting the use of a the same surface for input and output. Something that finally start to be applied today with the toutch-screen devices. He’s also suggesting other improvements that would help the computer better respond to human input.



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